Expansion of renewables too slow, electricity from hydropower endangered

Share

18.06.2021 - Today the Swiss Federal Council approved the dispatch to the Federal Assembly of a new draft act for the security of electricity supply through renewable energies. Axpo welcomes its direction of travel, but not the pace or measures it proposes. Axpo is convinced that an auctioned floating market premium, based on a successful international model, would advance the expansion of renewable energies faster and more efficiently than the planned investment contributions. In addition, it is incomprehensible that existing large-scale hydropower plants will no longer be supported. This will endanger the very foundation of Switzerland’s power supply.

Today, hardly any incentives exist for the construction of additional power capacity in Switzerland. As a consequence, no noteworthy expansion of new renewable energies has taken place in the last 20 years.

While the proportion of wind and photovoltaics in Switzerland’s energy mix is only around five per cent, it accounts for well over half in Denmark, and one third in Germany. Clearly, a new legislative foundation is urgently required to reach the ambitious goals of the Energy Strategy and make a significant contribution to the target of net zero emissions by 2050. 

Floating market premium proposed for more winter power

In its proposed bill, the Federal Council provides for investment contributions for all renewable energies. If they are high enough they could bring about the desired expansion. However, since investors must carry the full price risk for each plant over decades, they are forced to include the respective risk premium in their calculations. Compounding this situation, power prices are influenced significantly by political decisions on a European level which are difficult to predict. Higher risk premiums reduce subsidy efficiency and lead to an increased demand for funds. In addition, investment contributions require greater administrative effort in their implementation, such as the review of applications and monitoring of conditions.

In its response to the consultation on the Energy Act and together with the AEE Suisse Alliance, Axpo proposed an alternative instrument: An auctioned floating market premium, based on an international model. An intensive competition between the auction participants would prevent over-subsidy and encourage investors to take on some of the market price risk when awarded the contract. Through tendering, only the most efficient plants would be developed and there would be no waiting lists. This system is already used successfully in many countries, including France and Germany.

Crucially, this solution would also support urgently needed power production in the winter half-year and strengthen Swiss security of supply. The remuneration rate for the winter months can be higher by a defined factor determined at the time of tendering and be set at a lower rate in the summer months. This offers investors additional planning security and higher incentives to optimise winter production.

Axpo acknowledges that the Federal Council has included the suggestion of promoting electricity production in the winter half-year with an additional contribution. However, Axpo remains convinced that the instrument of an auctioned floating market premium with differentiated remuneration rates for the summer and winter months would provide greater incentives for investors to optimise winter power production and offer more planning security.

Hydropower backbone of Swiss electricity supply threatened

In addition to the expansion of new renewable energies (primarily photovoltaics in Switzerland), hydropower plays a key role. Today, it accounts for nearly 60 percent of total electricity production. According to the Federal Council, the foundations of Swiss electricity production must be further developed. Unfortunately, the reality is very different. With by far the highest fees in Europe, significantly more stringent ecological standards and a highly uncertain regulatory and economic outlook, the necessary investments have failed to materialise and the produced electricity volume from hydropower is already on the decline. These factors are endangering not just the expansion but the very preservation of these vital facilities.

Despite this situation, the new Federal Act completely lacks any support or incentives for renewal investments in large-scale hydropower plants with a capacity of more than 5 MW. This is incomprehensible to Axpo and contrary to energy policy objectives. Maintaining the existing large-scale hydropower plants is just as important to the security of supply and achievement of the goals for hydropower as the expansion of additional production capacity.

However, Axpo strongly supports the full liberalisation of the power market proposed by the draft Electricity Supply Act. This would eliminate existing market distortions and promote innovation at the household and local supplier level.

Axpo will thoroughly assess the Federal Council's dispatch and make its considerable expertise as Switzerland’s largest producer of renewable energy and its experience operating in 40 countries available in the upcoming months to contribute constructively to a successful Swiss energy future.

More media releases

Show all

Ad hoc announcement 14.01.2022

Axpo Holding AG General Meeting: proposed dividend approved

The 21st ordinary General Meeting of Axpo Holding AG on 14 January 2021 approved the annual report and the annual financial statements for 2020/21. The proposed dividend of 80 million Swiss francs was also approved.

Read more

International business 23.12.2021

Axpo appoints Sandro Giannotti to Head of Gas Trading

Axpo has appointed Sandro Giannotti as the company’s Head of Gas Trading, it was announced today. He will take up his new role on the 1st of January 2022, moving from his current position as Axpo’s Head Gas Trading Eastern Europe & Long Term Gas Supply.

Read more

Company 09.12.2021

Axpo well-positioned for future growth as company reports good results

• Positive earnings contributions from all business areas • Excellent result in international customer business and marketing of power plant capacity • Operating result of CHF 500 million was below previous year (CHF 826 million) , as expected • Free cash flow of CHF 562 million higher than in previous year (CHF 319 million) • Result for the period higher than in previous year (CHF 607 million vs. CHF 570 million) • Dividend of CHF 80 million proposed The Axpo Group (Axpo) posted adjusted earnings before interest and tax of CHF 500 million for the 2020/21 financial year (1 October 2020 to 30 September 2021), with all business areas (Generation & Distribution, Trading & Sales and CKW) making a positive contribution.

Read more